Mar 9, 2016

We are running out of numbers

  India's population going to cross 1 billion in a while, wait we already achieved that milestone, don't we? of course we made it, but this is about the mobile numbers.

We are using 10 digit format for mobile phone numbers in India, means a billion numbers maximum. For a population of 1.2 billion+ people, this 10 digit format is logically, practically is not enough.
We are running out of mobile numbers, numbers, sim card, Indian mobile number, cell phone number

   As of now, a person can buy 9 mobile numbers legally in India. Few years back, there is no restriction for that, so some people bought hundreds of sim cards and retailers also misused the system.

An average Indian owns at least two mobile numbers, one for professional/business use and the other one for personal use. Thanks to the dual sim enabled phones.
Every month, there are 2 million new sim cards sold by the network operators.

For now, the network operators recycling (reuse) the Inactive mobile numbers to solve the number outage issue. But sooner or later, 11 digit or 12 digit mobile numbers will be circulated.
But increasing digits is not a child's play, it will collide with international numbering standards. DoT (Department of Telecommunications) only knows the future of numbers.

Who owns your cell number - Operator version of MNP

 There are two types of MNP(Mobile Number Portability) available in India, we all familiar with the one that is option to choose your operator without changing your mobile number.
     But there is another type of MNP exists in India, that's for the mobile operators. The option to choose the active customer.
If you are not using your mobile number(switched off /lost) continuously for 2 months, you may lose your number. It's as simple as that.
Sim card, mobile number, network operator, MNP, mobile number portability,

Two incidents:

  1. We switched off our father's cell phone after he passed away(in 2012), within three months, I accidentally called his number, but some strange lady took the call and I triple checked the number, it's the same number, but some stranger owns it now. 
  2. Vice versa: Recently, I bought a new Sim card from a roadside retailer, I am receiving strange calls and messages because I owns someone's number now. It's happening to my brother, cousins, friends and almost half of the cell phone population in India. 


Eventually, few questions arise,
Who is responsible for this?
Of course the network operator and the TRAI (Telecom Regulatory Authority of India)

Is there any time period there for unused Sim card deactivation?
As per TRAI rules, unused mobile numbers will be deactivated in two months. Probably, the network operator can sell it to the new customers.

Why?


The operator must inform
Before deactivation, the mobile operator must inform or get approval from the customer by calling him( friend or relative's number) or through email.
 When I buy a Sim card and activated it using a government issued photo ID, I am the damn owner of that number. The process is similar to registering a motor vehicle or land registration. So, the number definitely associated with me.
  Take another example, if you are a tenant in a rental house, you are living there for a certain time and for some reasons the house owner needs the house, can he just kick you out from the house?

If I buy a new Sim card and the previous owner of that number associated with fraudulent activities or pro terror activities, is it OK?
(You can imagine thousands of similar examples or even worse)

Today everybody talking about privacy, but nobody cares about this issue.

Mar 2, 2016

Total number of living things on planet earth

We are living in a larger world than we think, after reading the numbers, you say that too. If it comes to population, we only think about ourselves, humans.
 Do you know how many trees are there in the planet Earth? or the number of Elephants?
Total population of animals, number of trees, money, bees, bacteria, elephant, lion, tiger, species,

Let's see the numbers,

  • Trees, 3 trillion
  • Birds, 100 billion - 400 billion 
  • Bacteria, 4 quadrillion quadrillion 
  • 10 billion billion Ants(including many species) 
  • Cattle 1.4 billion
  • We Humans, 7.4billion
  • Antarctic krill, 500 trillion
  • Sheep, 1.1 billion
  • Chickens 18.6 billion
  • Bees, 6.5 billion 
  • Great whales, 3 million
  • Monkeys, 1.2 million (including lemurs and apes) 
  • Elephants, 0.5 million
  • Cats, 600 million
  • Dogs, 525 million approximately 
  • Rhinos, less than 28899 (including black rhinos, Asian rhinos and all subspecies)
  • Tigers, 3000+ 
  • Lions, less than 32000.

Counting trees may sound easy, but the folks who did, spent two years for that alone. Similarly, counting every bird on earth is the humongous task, that's why they end up with an approximate data.

 Calculating the bio-mass of a species is widely accepted method. It's hard to find the exact number of any species, so they choose this method.

I(We) have to accept that no number is accurate, but they are really closer to the real one.
 Point is not just counting, but knowing that earth belongs to all.
We are just a part of this big group and part of this wonderful planet, every living thing has the right to live. Enough said.
So, don't take it for granted.

Sources for numbers: world biodiversity atlas and some other sources.